Electric cars are the most recent addition to the automotive world, because the modern battery-powered vehicle arrived in Europe in 2011. But, despite their youth, they have entered the market strongly and are gradually consolidating.
Although their beginnings were somewhat hesitant, due to their higher prices and limited autonomy, in just a decade they have managed to triple their range, reduce their cost and thus clear most of the doubts they generated, convincing more and more drivers.
The absence of emissions in circulation is its biggest argument, but not the only one. And it is that they also present lower operating costs than combustion cars, tax benefits, free parking on public roads, a greater amplitude for the same exterior size and even a very smooth and pleasant driving that also adds more spirited accelerations.
The Hyundai Kona gives you more freedom: 484 kilometers of autonomyThe Hyundai Kona gives you more freedom: 484 kilometers of autonomy.
In addition, the number of available charging points does not stop growing (there are already more than 5,000 operating in Spain) and an infrastructure of ultra-fast poles is even beginning to be deployed, strategically distributed throughout the motorway and motorway network, which make it possible to face trips .
Zero emissions. Its biggest differentiating argument. Electric cars do not produce emissions during operation and are therefore environmentally friendly vehicles . They do not expel anything to the atmosphere, neither CO 2 nor nitrogen oxides, and in fact they lack even an exhaust pipe.
These characteristics postulate them as the ideal models for daily circulation in the city and its surroundings, which is where the greatest amount of pollution is usually concentrated. And not only because of the road traffic, but also because of the heating of buildings and works and their associated work machinery, among other things.
Tax advantages. Cleaning electric cars has tax rewards. Upon receiving the Zero label from the General Directorate of Traffic (DGT), they are exempt from paying the registration tax.
And this aspect is already a significant saving, because this tribute can be up to 14.75% of the price of the model. But they also pay less road tax. The latter depends on each City Council, but in almost all cities discounts are offered and, in the case of Madrid and Barcelona, the discount reaches 75%.
Lower costs of use. Electric vehicles are somewhat more expensive than thermal vehicles, although the price differential is becoming smaller and there is a tendency to also compensate with the lower cost of travel.
If the most efficient thermal cars have an expense of about five or six euros per 100 kilometers, in battery vehicles the usage bill drops to just 1.5 euros, due to the lower price of electricity compared to fuel. In addition, free parking on public roads, in SER or regulated parking areas, is another important economic advantage.
And since their mechanics are simpler, they tend to also break down less and have less intensive and more affordable maintenance.
Autonomy on the rise. Range was one of the main negative points of the first zero-emission vehicles, but research with batteries has managed to improve their energy density and therefore the range they provide.
The first electric car of the modern era (2011) offered barely 160 kilometers of range, but today it is already close to 600. For example, a Hyundai Kona Electric homologates up to 484 kilometers of action radius in its superior version, with a 64 battery kWh. But even in the access version, which uses a 39.2 kWh battery, it already offers a very versatile range of 305 kilometers.
More interior space. An electric motor is more compact than a combustion one. And, in addition, battery-powered cars do not have a gearbox or exhaust line or transmission tunnel, so they offer more useful space inside the body.
The mechanics, as a whole, occupy 40% less. The battery module, yes, is very large, but it has a flat shape and is located on the floor of the car without diminishing habitability, without affecting the capacity of the rear seats and the trunk. The practical result is that, with the same external dimensions, an electric model is more spacious than a thermal one.
Immediate response. The electrical mechanics deliver all their power and torque from almost idle, and this aspect is appreciated when leaving from a standstill, as at a traffic light, for example, because battery-powered models respond earlier than combustion models and start the march with greater vigor.
For equal power, a battery-powered vehicle accelerates better than a thermal one. But its immediacy of response has other associated advantages, because it allows you to join a motorway or overtake with great ease, without having to worry about which gear you are taking or whether the engine is at an optimal rev point, as in the case of cars.
Heated cars: step on the gas pedal, and voila.
An ever-expanding recharging network. Not so long ago this was a point that appeared among the buts of electric cars, but a network in continuous and rapid expansion has made it a point in favor: in Spain there are already more than 5,000 public charging points, mainly concentrated in cities like Madrid, Barcelona and Valencia. But their number continues to grow.
In addition, along with the general increase in urban poles, we must add the appearance of more and more fast charging stations on the motorway, designed to be able to travel, such as the almost 400 that the IONITY consortium already has spread throughout Europe.
These are high-capacity poles, with a power of up to 350 kW that allows the batteries to be recharged in record time. They use the CCS charging standard, which is the most widespread today among European, American and Korean electric models.
Domestic refills. Not only on the street, but also charging at home has improved by leaps and bounds. Most electric vehicles are compatible with the home plug, although this has limited power and the recharging time will increase.
Household outlets have 230 volts and 10 or 16 amps, so they can deliver 2.3 or 3.2 kW. Much more interesting is the alternative of the wallbox, which some brands such as Hyundai include in the purchase of their electric models with their Full Electric program . Full Care.
These chargers operate in three-phase mode, withstand up to 32 amps and end up offering up to 7.4 kW. And so, recharge a 39 , 2 battery kWh could take more than 12 hours with the normal plug, but could drop to less than half with the 7.4 kW wallbox.